Big Talbot Island today is a great place to fish, kayak, boat or stroll along the undisturbed trails and beaches. Thousands of years ago, however, the island was home to Florida's most ancient people. By the time Europeans arrived in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Timucua people populated the island. Unfortunately, by the late 18th century, most of the Timucua had perished. The Europeans who settled here converted the Talbot Islands, named for Charles Baron Talbot, Lord High Chancellor of England, into lucrative plantations.