Opportunities for photography are virtually endless. Numerous historic structures and ruins are scattered on the island. Sunrise at the beach, sunset over the marsh, tangled vines connecting forest canopies to dappled forest floors, jumbles of Saw Palmetto, gnarled live oak limbs, either bare bones dead or filled with abundant plant life, various animals scurrying about, and interesting cultural and natural features, all provide excellent subjects for photos.
Numerous species call Cumberland Island home, from threatened and endangered manatees and sea turtles to more than 300 species of birds. Often on a single trip, visitors may see wild turkeys, armadillos, feral horses, vultures, dolphins, and lizards. To experience the more elusive white tail deer, bobcats, and otters, camping is a better option. Animal activity is often greater at dawn and dusk and camping allows you to be "on location" during these hours. Birding is often good at the south end at Pelican Banks, as well as on the marsh edge in the interior wetlands. Visitors often can simply find a spot to sit quietly to wait for the view of one of the island’s creatures.